Fall Of Weimar Republic Essay

The Collapse of Weimar and the Rise of Hitler Essay

1035 Words5 Pages

The Collapse of Weimar and the Rise of Hitler

In 1919, a defeated Germany was forced to abandon government under the Kaiser, who had fled to Belgium and adopt the Weimar, a democratic but flawed system. Soon after Hitler and the Nazi Party appeared, and years later the Weimar Republic fell. What accounted for the fall of the Weimar? My essay will prove that there was not a single reason, but in fact a series of events that lead to the collapse of the Weimar.

President Ebert used the Freikorp, who were a rightwing mercenary unit, to put down the Spartacus uprising, a communist inspired revolution. After that, Ebert was always seen as an enemy in the eyes of the extreme left, and so…show more content…

No party ever gained majority government during the history of the Republic, and this weakened the government. Proportional representation was responsible for a series of coalition governments, which ruled Germany through the years of 1919 and 1933. However, the only time that a pro-Weimar party held majority was in the first elections of 1919, and every time after Weimar was the minority. Thus, a series of parties against the Weimar gained power, although through coalition, reducing the power of the already fragile Republic. Here we can see the system of parliamentary democracy was a factor in the collapse of the Weimar.

The series of economic crisis’ which affected post World War One Germany assisted in both the fall of the Weimar and the rise of Hitler. The Treaty of Versailles left the country with extremely large debts and when Germany did not keep up with payments, the French responded by invading the Ruhr, an industrial region in Germany, resulting in a general strike and ruining the middle class who would eventually make up the foundation of Nazi supporters. After the Golden Years, which brought great prosperity back to the economy and saw the middle class turn away from the extremists, the Wall Street Crash in 1929 occurred. The middle class turned back to the Nazi’s, especially in the industrial north of Germany. The German

Show More

The Failure Of The Weimar Republic

The Failure of the Weimar Republic
The Weimar Republic survived to years of greater internal peace from
the mid-1920s, when the political problems were covered, until
exposure by the economic and political crises of 1929, Hitler’s
appointment as German Chancellor in 1933 was more or less the most
important event of the 20th century. The most direct causes for the
collapse of the first German democracy must be sought in the years
between the end of World War I and the establishment of the Third
Reich.

The parliamentary democracy which was established in Germany in
1918-19 was the consequence of defeat and revolution and not the
deliberate choice of a majority of the population. They hoped that the
removal of the Kaiser and the adoption of parliamentary democracy
would make the Allies grant Germany a merciful peace. When the terms
of the Versailles Treaty became public in May 1919 and who had
supported democracy turned against it. Others, mostly the middle
classes, had never wanted democracy and deeply disliked the overthrow
of the monarchy. They convinced themselves that the German army had
never been defeated on the battlefield. Democracy and the Weimar
Republic were never universally accepted and were not quite
legitimate.

Weimar’s failure was, however, not inevitable, for the republic
survived a period of severe political and economic crisis in its early
years. The first threat came from the left, disappointed with the
results of the revolution. They wanted a transformation of society, as
in Russia, based on the workers’ and soldiers’ councils which had
spontaneously sprung up during the German revolution. Such a system
had little chance of being realized in an advanced industrial country
like Germany, where, unlike Russia, the workers had the vote. The
first elections after the fall of the monarchy did not produce a
socialist majority. In Germany, the Treaty of Versailles was regarded
as humiliating and unable to satisfy the population. People’s wishes
were not fulfilled for the fact that it left the unified Germany
created in 1870 basically unbroken and in the long run in a strong
position, but with weak neighbors on its east. Following Versailles,
in March 1920, disappointment with democracy led to the first attempt
by the right-wing nationalists to overthrow the republic, the Kapp
Putsch. At this point the parties of the center and the left, which
were pro-republican forces, were still strong enough to aggravate the
coup. A general strike played a key role in defeating the
conspirators.

In the next few years instability was frustrated by speeding up
inflation. The German currency had already lost much of its value
during the war and Weimar governments were too weak to bring inflation
under control. The reparations which Germany was obliged to pay under
...

Loading: Checking Spelling

0%

Read more

The Weimar Republic Essay

856 words - 3 pages The Weimar Republic was formed shortly after World War 1 by the victorious allied powers. The allies believed it was necessary to set up a new government in Germany. This new government was plagued by social, political, and economical problems. The country was constantly in conflict with...

The Collapse of the Weimar Republic

835 words - 3 pages The Collapse of the Weimar Republic There are a various number of reasons for the downfall of the Weimar republic and the establishment of the one party rule, including Hitler's appeal, however it was his consolidation of power 1933-1934 which was largely responsible for the collapse of the Weimar regime. Factors such as the Enabling Act of 1933, the Reichstag fire, the use of the SA, and the banning of all opposition...

The Fall of the Weimar Republic

1412 words - 6 pages The Weimar Republic would have continued to be a functional government far longer than achieved if not for the defeat of WWI, the economic burdens imposed by the Versailles Treaty, and the flawed Article 48 which all contributed to the down fall of Germany’s first attempt at a legitimate Democracy. This paper will argue that the societal, economical, and constitutional aspects all played a role in the hopeless Democracy Germany attempted which...

The Fall of the Weimar Republic

822 words - 3 pages Fall of the Weimar Republic>> 1) Background> * The fall of the Weimar Republic goes hand in hand with the> rise of Hitler and the Nazi regime> * The Weimar Republic came into existence after WWI and> promised to give democracy, freedom of speech, return to the...

The Culture of the Weimar Republic

607 words - 2 pages The Weimar Republic was struggling with lots of political problems, so it had to take the culture seriously, if it did not want it to be forgotten by their own society. The most productive city in arts and sciences in the 1920s was Berlin - the capital of the Republic. At this time German artists made important cultural contributions in making new movies....

Artists in the Weimar Republic

923 words - 4 pages Weimar CultureIn the period after the First World War, the Weimar republic was in a deep political struggle. However, its culture was flourishing. The culture was already present in pre-war Germany, but the Weimar Republic and its promotion of free thinking allowed these ideas to surface. Among the many great cultural achievements are the art and...

The Weimar Republic in Germany

593 words - 2 pages The Weimar Republic first began after the devastation Germany experienced in World War 1. Germany needed an organized government to recover money, land, and respect from the other European countries. The Weimar Republic proved to be the answer, and although it first came under intense dislike and scrutiny, it later led Germany into economic prosper. Although it overcame one crisis, it could not survive the second crisis encountered in 1929. The...

The Reasons for Early Weaknesses of the Weimar Republic

1667 words - 7 pages The Reasons for Early Weaknesses of the Weimar Republic Germany suffered a great tragedy during its clash with various European countries, which became the First World War, the biggest war of its time. An unanticipated defeat led the Germans leading them into an age of darkness. A government was formed under the umbrella of democracy at this time when huge opposition, anger and division were rampant in German society:...

Problems of the Weimar Republic up to 1923

1205 words - 5 pages It is a known fact that after World War 1 an entire nation, Germany, was brought to its knees, smashed and broken. In attempts to repair its broken state, it was hastily taped back together; this tape just so happened to be Germany's "free trial" of democracy. And so the Weimar Republic was born. The Weimar republic had numerous problems, each with its own significance...

Immediate problems facing the Weimar Republic

540 words - 2 pages The Weimar republic was a democratic government in Germany created shortly after the first Great War (1919). It was named after the city in which the constitution was first created. This new government was meant to be the best solution for the Germans, but it was a failure because of the inefficiency of the constitution, various rebellions and the invasion-...

David Abraham and the Weimar Republic

4327 words - 17 pages David Abraham "Grave Offenses" vs. "Tendentious Misconstruals" The David Abraham Case The historical field concerning the Weimar Republic, Germany's parliamentary government during the interwar years, is not only an extremely sophisticated area of study, but an extremely competitive one as well. In the early eighties, a much heated and unprecedented scholarly dispute arose surrounding The Collapse of the Weimar Republic, written by David...

Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *